Classical Kalām and the Laws of Logic

As the nascent field of English-language Islamic philosophy and theology grows, it has become popular to draw parallels between modern thought and classical kalām. Classical kalām is often distinguished from post-classical kalām historically and methodologically:…

Traditional Ulama, Salafism, and Religious Authority

Why do two people read the same text and arrive at different conclusions? What does it mean to follow scripture? What roles and limitations do scholars face when interpreting a text? What happens when scholarly…